The following are terms
unique to Beam:
Gurova - with the board
placed to the side of the beam, round-off onto the board, back
handspring with a full twist to catch the beam in front support to back
hip circle under the beam (also performed by Aleftina Prakhina and Elena
Zamolodchikova - but only occasionally in the latter case. Like a Teza
as a mount).
Milosovici - Round-off onto
the board (placed at the end of the beam) - tuck-open to straddle sit
(like the Chen).
Shushunova - press to
Chen - very similar to a
Korbut, in this skill, the gymnast jumps higher and tucks her body
before landing in a straddled sit on the beam. A Chen is now a very
common element being used in combination by Maria Olaru (ROM), Simona
Amanar (ROM), Elena Zamolodchikova (RUS) and Yvonne Tousek (CAN). In a
similar skill called a Rueda, the gymnast pikes her body. Lilia
Podkopayeva did a Rueda from two backhandsprings.
Gainer - instead of taking
off for a back handspring or layout from two feet, the gymnast swings
one foot along the side of the beam before taking off. Svetlana Khorkina
is well known for her use of these elements.
Korbut - the gymnast dives
backwards with straight or arched body, briefly supports herself on the
beam with her hands, and then swings down to sit on the beam in straddle
position. The Korbut, like the Chen, is used in many combination passes.
Planche - taken from
rings, this element requires the gymnast hold her body at a
backhandspring with ¾ twists, landing in side handstand.
Rulfova - Korbut with a
full twist - one of the most difficult elements done on beam today. To
do a Rulfova, the gymnast dives backward and does a full twist before briefly
supporting herself with her hands and then lowering down to
straddle the beam. Many gymnasts use this skill today, because it is so
valuable. Kristen Maloney (USA), Svetlana Khorkina (RUS), and Ling Jie (CHN)
Tousek - back-handspring in
Yurchenko Loop - this is
like a side-ways Korbut. The gymnast stands facing outwards, then dives
backwards to briefly support herself on the beam and lowers down to a
front support, usually followed by a back hip circle. (Please note that
this skill is not actually named after Yurchenko in the CoP). Yang Yun
is one of the only gymnasts to do this element recently. Elvire Teza
added a full twist to this move.
The Humphrey -
The gymnast leaps up from the side and positions their body
in the lunge position. The gymnast immediately spins three
times following. This unique mounting skill was created
by Terin Humphrey (USA).
A beam maneuver in which the gymnast does a back dive with a
quarter twist to a handstand followed by a half pirouette.
Invented by Shannon Miller (USA).
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