What's the difference?
- takes off from one foot and lands on the same foot.
- takes off from two feet.
- takes off from one foot and lands on the other foot.
Cat Leap -
jump with one leg straight and the other bent and held forward
(also known as Wolf
Jump) - pike jump with one leg straight out in front and the other bent.
Half-in half-out - A back flip with a 1/2 twist into a front flip with a 1/2 twist. Can also be done in tuck, pike, and
a strait position.
Hitch Kick - hop with the
free leg held straight out and the other leg briefly leaving the mat.
switch leap with ¼ turn (on floor). On beam it is often called a switch-¼
or switch-side leap.
straddle jump with a 1/1 turn.
Punch Brani - Like a punch front except add a 1/2 twist. Can
also be done in tuck, pike, and a strait position.
Punch Front - Forward moving flip punching off both feet.
Rudi - A front flip with a 1 1/2 twist in it.
Randy - A front flip with 2 1/2 twist in it.
Ring Leap -
jump with head thrown back and knees bent (one to the front and one to
the back) and raised towards the head.
Sheep Jump -
jump with back arched and both legs bent backwards and raised towards the head.
gymnast jumps up in straddle position, and rotates her body forward to
become parallel to the mat or beam. She then falls to lie facedown. Also
may done with ½, 1/1 or 1 ½ twists. On floor, this element is often
combined with other leaps such as Popas, Johnsons or wolf jumps. On
beam, the Shushunova usually takes place facing perpendicular to the
leap where the gymnast takes off from two feet and jumps up in split
position with the back leg higher than the front.
Split Leap -
leap where the gymnast takes off from one foot with one leg horizontally
to the front and the other to the back.
Stag Jump -
rear leg is straight, front leg is bent. A double stag is done with both
Straddle Jump -
jump with legs straight out to the side.
Switch Leap -
split leap where the front leg moves to the back and the back leg to the
front in mid-air.
Single Tour - A jazz dance jump where there is a full revolution left
or right in the air with the body totally contracted and erect (as if the
person represents a standing pencil) and feet are together.
Double Tour - A jazz dance jump where there are two revolutions left or
right in the air with the body totally contracted and erect (as if the person
represents a standing pencil) and feet are together.
In both "tours", the gymnast would start or end frequently in fourth
position more than in second position.
Both jumps also occur in classical ballet too ... and it would be called
"tour de l'air" in French....or "turn of the air",
Wolf Jump (also
known as Fish Jump) - pike jump with one leg straight out
in front and the other bent sharply back with knees together.
Yang Bo - jump with legs
in oversplit and back arched. Yang also invented a switch leap with the
same head position. Liu Xuan did beautiful Yang Bo leaps (both regular
and switch leap) on beam.
** Note: Many of these are
named after a gymnasts on one event but not the other.
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